A Handy Guide to the DNA Terms You Need to Understand – FindMyPastDNA July 4, 2019

I saw this on FindMyPast earlier this afternoon – A Handy Guide to the DNA Terms You Need to Understand – FindMyPastDNA July 4, 2019: https://blog.findmypast.com/dna-glossary-2639080447.html. Note: FindMyPastDNA uses LivingDNA to process the FindMyPastDNA kits. None of the links below are affiliate links.

What exactly is DNA and which buzzwords do you need to become familiar with when interpreting your ancestry test results?

For anyone interested in their past, DNA is where the worlds of science and genealogy meet. Whether you’re about to take an ancestry DNA test or have already taken one, there are certain genetic phrases that are worth getting to know.

–snip–

This glossary of DNA terms will help you make the most of your test results and ultimately enrich your family history.

What is DNA?

Deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA, as it’s widely known, is a molecule found in all living organisms. It consists of two long coils intertwined in a spiral – the double-helix you’ll no doubt recognise.

–snip–

Everyone’s DNA carries their unique genetic information and some of this gets passed down through families over generations.

What are Chromosomes?

The coiled strands of DNA in a human cell are called chromosomes. Humans have 46 chromosomes, inheriting half of them from their mother and half from their father.

What are Genes?

Genes are units within each chromosome.

Discover: How Findmypast DNA Can Grow Your Family Tree

Genes are transferred to offspring from parents and determine different characteristics such as hair and eye colour.

What is an Autosomal DNA Test?

An autosomal DNA test checks 22 of your 23 pairs of chromosomes for an estimate of your ethnic make-up. Unlike Y-DNA and mtDNA, autosomal tests are not just limited to your paternal or maternal lines.

An autosomal DNA test can pinpoint common ancestors on any branch of your family tree. The standard Findmypast DNA test is autosomal.

What is Y-DNA?

Y-DNA is only found in males and is passed from fathers to their sons. This means that only men can use Y-DNA to trace their genetic ancestry and a Y-DNA test only examines paternal lineage. Females who want to explore their direct paternal line should ask their father, brother, paternal uncle, paternal grandfather or a male cousin on their father’s side to take a Y-DNA test.

What is mtDNA?

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is transmitted from mother to child. As such, direct maternal ancestors can be traced by either men or women using mtDNA tests. Most mtDNA ancestry test results include an indication of which haplogroup you belong to.

What is a Haplogroup?

Haplogroups are different branches of descendants from a single common female ancestor.

Hopefully this guide has helped you gain some understanding of DNA and how it enhances your insight into who and where you’ve come from. Remember, when purchasing Findmypast DNA, you have the option to to take advantage of our Deep Ancestry Upgrade – a 3-in-1 test that includes autosomal, mtDNA and Y-DNA.

https://www.findmypast.com/ancestry-dna-testing/

–snip–

 

About ICT Genealogist

Originally from Gulfport, Mississippi. Live in Wichita, Kansas now. Let's collaborateDealspotr.com
This entry was posted in Autosomal DNA, DNA, FindMyPast, FindMyPastDNA and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

HANNAH MACY SUE

JESUS - WRITING - PHOTOGRAPHY

Teaching in Albania

A blog by Sarah as she ventures into the world of international teaching and living

#MILLENNIALLIFECRISIS

I dont have the answers, just a lot of questions.

Carrots and Tigers

A travel and lifestyle blog

MiddleMe

Becoming Unstuck

Philippines: Cradle of Heroes

Philippine history blog showcasing the Filipino war and pacifist heroes. The history blog explains the different major wars the Filipinos fought. The battles and weapons of wars used are also narrated.

Speaking Bipolar

Help to Successfully Live with Chronic Illness, Bipolar Disorder, and Familial Mediterranean Fever

Weapons and Warfare

History and Hardware of Warfare

ModernDayMaternity

A mama's out look on motherhood today

Sarah Cath's Adventures

Information About Technology, Hobbies, Travels and whatever else

Just Chasing Rabbits

Iconic, amazing, and unusual travel for the forever young!

Unmeasured Journeys

Because life is a series of miraculous journeys

Sunshine, Angels and Rainbows

'How lucky I am to have something that makes saying goodbye so hard.'

Glennon Gordon, LICSW

Learn→Integrate→Change

Justice4Poland.com

Connecting true geography and detailed unfolding of wide variety of crimes perpetrated by German/Ukrainian Nazis and jewish bolsheviks of Soviet Union on the Polish nation.

Fountaindale Public Library Genealogy & Research Blog

Adding Branches to Your Family Tree One Ancestor at a Time

BOOK RIOT

Book Recommendations and Reviews

Tarah B. Thornburg

Conversations about creativity and the writing life.

God Reports

Migrated my old blog here. Content - Eclectic Mix of Genealogy, Bipolar Depression, Mental Health, Mental Illness, DNA, History, First Nations (aka Native Americans), Military History, World War II, Cemeteries, CrowdFunding, Christianity, Authors/Writing, and Gaming (RPGs, Board Games, Wargames, etc.).

%d bloggers like this: